Prized by women to hide a mania or to add a touch of femininity, false nails can be dangerous if you use them incorrectly. What are the risks associated with these devices?
Types of false nails
Three types are mainly used.
- The plastic capsules, sold in pharmacies and supermarkets, are fixed with a very strong glue.
- The faux carved acrylic nails are made of resin that is molded on the natural nail.
- UV gel nails, which have been growing in popularity in recent years.
Be careful by filing the nail!
To put the false nails, you will have to file, or to file, slightly the top of the natural nail. This step thins the surface, but makes it more fragile. In doing so, its resistance is weakened, which favors the penetration of the toxic products used to make resin nails or to glue the plastic capsules. The more the nails are filed at the beginning, the more the danger increases. The use of sander, preferred by some beauty salons, would be out of the question, according to dermatologists.
The detachment of the nail
Skin experts agree to warn users against the aggressiveness of the products used. During prolonged use, false nails promote the detachment of natural nails, especially if the user uses it as a lever (to open a box, for example). The longer the nail, the greater the risk.
False nail pose says use of volatile toxic products. However, the scientific literature reports poisoning with glue vapors in some clients and beauticians.
The effects resemble those of alcohol intoxication which, in more severe cases, can lead to psychological, blood, liver, cardiovascular and respiratory disorders.
Frequent inhalation can also increase the risk of developing asthma or even lung cancer.
False nails and eczema
Research has shown that acrylic manicure products, including false nails, sometimes cause contact eczema. It is mainly an allergy that can develop at the fingertips, but also in other parts of the body that come into contact with the infected area.
Generally, eczema appears between 48 and 96 hours after the installation of false nails. Nail polish is sometimes responsible for this phenomenon. The user may also develop contact dermatitis characterized by red rashes, blisters, itching or even skin burns.
Risk of fungal infection
In some, natural nails sometimes turn yellow, brown or green because of an infection. This is attributable to a microscopic mushroom that feeds on keratin, the hard substance of the nail. Once weakened by the resin or glue, the nail is less resistant.
Onychomycosis is particularly contagious and easily attacks other parts of the body, skin and hair, for example, and sometimes even cause desensitization of extremities. The fungus can also contaminate your loved ones.
The treatment, complex, can take from four to 18 months, depending on the severity and / or nail achieved.
Another type of infection, pseudomonas, can also develop under the false nail. It is characterized by a greenish coloring. Stagnation of water is usually responsible for it. However, this kind of infection can also be observed under natural nails, often long.
False nails and cancer
The medical literature reports at least two cases of skin cancer directly related to the pose of false nails, in Britain.
It seems that the use of UV rays to harden the gel on the nails is responsible for the appearance of this disease. One of the victims, in good health, developed cancer after eight sessions in one year while the other, seven years older than her, had complications after 360 sessions.
While oncologists are reluctant to link these two cases with the installation of false nails, they nevertheless recommend regular examination of the hands to detect any suspicious lesions.
The health services also report deaths related indirectly to the installation of false nails. In Canada, nurses have developed nosocomial infections that have worsened, causing the death of those affected. However, this is a rare phenomenon.
False nails and aesthetics
As we have seen above, the installation of false nails often leads to complications. Once removed, these devices often leave the natural nails in a pitiful state. Sometimes they disappear completely. And it takes months to remake the nail. The user therefore wants to ask new ones to hide the damage, thus increasing the risks to her health.
If you still want to put false nails, opt for renowned beauty salons and keep them as short as possible, a week at most. The specialists who work there will be able to advise you properly on the type of nail to use and the best ways to prevent complications.